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Even though the UN Human Rights Council's measure does not egyptian articles about gays in egypt the use of the death penalty, Washington's decision to vote no on the resolution still sent shockwaves among human rights groups and articcles supporters. And nude gay beaching in the us shock was not limited to the United States. Headlines in other countries noted that America sided with the nations that refused to condemn the medieval -- but still practiced -- policy of killing people simply because they are gay.
They notedcorrectly, that the US vote was dictated by fear of undercutting the death penalty itself.
Inthe Obama administration abstained from a resolution from the Human Rights Council on the egyptian articles about gays in egypt penalty, though that resolution notably lacked any provision related to its specific use against gay or transgender individuals. The fact is that we live in a world where even today gay people are being arrested, tortured and killed because of their sexual orientation.
And the United States didn't just let an opportunity to condemn those atrocities counterculture craft gay witch by -- it did much gajs. It took a stand against that condemnation. On transgender ban, Trump, listen to your generals.
This latest vote came as a stark reminder that under the current administration, the United States hasn't just given up its commitment to advancing human rights. It egyptian articles about gays in egypt, instead, changed sides in that struggle.
However, none of their work would have been possible were if not for the travels of a lesser-known figure: He could read Latin and Greek, was an accomplished artist and draftsman, and was egyptian articles about gays in egypt by the discoveries being made in Egypt and the Middle East.
Bankes was also gay, and London was not a safe place to be a homosexual at the time. One year, 21 young men were sentenced to death merely for having indecent thoughts. Fueled by a love of antiquities and fleeing articlees homophobic culture, Bankes set out to Italy, Greece, Egypt and the Holy Land from He made two trips to Egypt, during egyptian articles about gays in egypt he would make three significant contributions that would lead to the decipherment of hieroglyphics and open a new gay action in asian locker rooms into the past.
His visit to the island temple of Philae in set the wheels of decipherment in motion. Sensing its importance, he enlisted Italian strongman and antiquity hunter Giovanni Afticles to ship it to his estate in London, where it still stands. Recognizing the names of Ptolemy V and Aboit in Greek as well as two cartouches indicating proper names among the hieroglyphs, Bankes contacted Egyptian articles about gays in egypt Young, an English scholar who had deciphered the cartouche of Ptolemy from the Rosetta Stone.
Listen to the Oldest Song in the World: We're hoping to rely on our loyal readers rather than erratic ads.
To support Open Culture's continued operation, please consider making a donation. Darkness the Jackal and the dog wanted to be the god of rats it had rabies and was very angry and hungry could not eat and a heart egyptian articles about gays in egypt could not beat had no compassion and feel the fear of water.
Click here artifles cancel free gay male pics and vids. Get the best cultural and educational resources on the web curated for you in a daily email. Unsubscribe at any time. Between and during the first five-year planthe government established 14 public and central hospitals, rural health units, and 39 rural hospitals.
The total number of beds increased by 9, during this period to a total in of 96, Ingeneral and central hospitals were established 26, bedsas well as 2, rural health units, and 78 village hospitals. As ofthere were an estimated physicians, nurses, 27 dentists, and 68 pharmacists perpeople. Serious diseases in Egypt include schistosomiasis, malaria, hookworm, trachoma, tuberculosis, dysentery, beriberi, and typhus.
Although malaria and polio cases were small in number, egyptian articles about gays in egypt 1, measles cases were reported in Abortion is legal only for medical reasons. The overall death rate was estimated at 7. Life expectancy in was 71 years. There are no specific laws against this practice. Total health care expenditure was estimated at 3. There were an estimated deaths from AIDS in Prior rgyptianmost Agout lived in mud huts.
Post revolutionary governments, however, have actively concerned themselves with housing. In order to encourage rural housing activities on unfertile soil, "extension areas" have been allocated for villages.
Efforts have been made to provide low-rent housing in towns; the units ste gay hollyoaks storyline constructed in cooperation with the Reconstruction and Popular Dwellings Co.
Assisted by the state, which grants long-term and low-interest loans, cooperative societies also engage in housing construction. The state affords facilities for cooperatives to acquire land from the religious foundations. Despite these efforts, Egypt's housing shortage remains acute, with about one million units needed in urban areas.
Housing construction was a major priority of development plans in the s, but it was considered likely that it would take many years for Egypt's housing deficit to be met.
The greatest shortage is in lowcost housing. According to the census, there were about 9. Ingovernment subsidies helped build about 63, housing units. The new housing demand has been estimated at aboutper year. Inonly aboutunits were available for sale. The Education Act of provided free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of 6 and The nine egyptian articles about gays in egypt of basic education is split into six years of primary education and three years of preparatory studies.
Secondary schools cover threeyear programs in either general or technical studies. Some students opt for a five-year advanced technical studies program for secondary egyptian articles about gays in egypt. The curriculum was updated in and includes a greater emphasis on vocational training, as well as on physics and foreign egyptian articles about gays in egypt.
The general secondary education certificate entitles the holder to enter a university. The student-to-teacher ratio for primary school was at hottest gay club in west hollywood A decree of 23 July provided free tuition at all Egyptian universities. The traditional center for religious education in the Muslim world is Al-Azhar in Cairo, which in celebrated 1, years of teaching as the oldest continuously operating school in the world.
Al-Azhar offers instruction in three faculties and 14 affiliated institutes and maintains its own primary and secondary schools. There are a total of 13 universities, and numerous institutes of higher learning. There is also the American University in Cairowhich offers a wide range of undergraduate and graduate courses, as well as an American school in Cairo and one in Alexandria. It was established in to encourage the exchange of archaeologists and other egyptian articles about gays in egypt in almost all fields of interest.
Adult education, under the Ministry of Education, is increasingly important. Since the government conducted a campaign against illiteracy.
Business firms are required to combat illiteracy egyptian articles about gays in egypt their employees. Recent university graduates are being hired to lead literacy classes, and armed forces recruits are also expected to teach. In addition, the government has set up 3, oneclass schools to teach a nontraditional study plan. These schools are aimed at girls who are unlikely to attend formal schooling, and as a result, are likely to remain illiterate.
The schools provide vocational training and lessons on income generating businesses, in addition to the more traditional classes in Arabic, religion, sciences and arithmetic. The adult literacy rate for was estimated at about As ofpublic expenditure on education was estimated at 4.
In the Bibliotheca Alexandria was established on the same site of the ancient library destroyed in a fire 2, years before. Bibliotheca Alexandria is the largest library in the Middle East and serves as a cultural center egyptian articles about gays in egypt exhibit areas, planetarium, and conference center.
Egypt's other major libraries are the Egyptian Abou Library 2.
The National Library also functions as the main public library for the nation's capital and supervises 11 branch libraries located throughout the country. The Egyptian articles about gays in egypt Library in Alexandria contains one of the country's largest public library collections, with 23, Arabic and 35, European ebypt.
One of the most important special libraries is the Scientific and Technical Documentation Division of the Nude gay malephotographs Research Center at Srticles, which has the best collection of scientific and technical material in the Arab world.
American University in Cairo sponsors a library system of nearlyvolumes primarily English language and holds the Creswell Collection of Islamic art and architecturecomprising about 3, bound volumes. In all, Egyptian libraries affiliated with institutions of higher education hold over 35 million volumes.
Assuit University sponsors 16 libraries with an approximate total ofArabic volumes andforeign books, as well as hundreds of periodicals. The Egyptian National Museum, founded incontains unique exhibits from prehistoric times up to the 3rd century ad, and it also egyptian articles about gays in egypt a notable Department of Antiquities, established inwhich supervises daddies gay hairy muscle and administers archaeological museums.
There is a museum dedicated exclusively to the work of Mohmoud Mokhtar in Cairo. Several former royal palaces have been transformed into museums: Telephone, telegraph, radio, and television services are operated by the state-owned Telecommunication Organization.
Inthere egpytian an estimated mainline telephones for every 1, people; about 99, people egyptia on a waiting list for telephone service installation. Arrticles same year, there were approximately 84 gay accomodation key west phones in use for every 1, people. As ofthere were 42 AM and 14 FM radio stations and 42 television stations, broadcasting mostly in Arabic. Inthere were an estimated radios and television sets for every 1, people.
The same year, there were There were 28 secure Internet servers in the country in Al-Jumhuriyah The Republic ;is the official publication of the government; Al-Ahram egyptian articles about gays in egypt the unofficial publication. The leading evening paper is Al-Misa'aThere is also an English-language newspaper, the Egyptian Gazette 40, Arev is a daily Armenian paper.
There are rethinking gay marriage right weekly Greek publications, Phos 20, and Tachydromos-Egyptos egyptian articles about gays in egypt, On 23 Mayall Egyptian newspapers were nationalized and subjected to censorship. President Sadat ended formal press censorship inbut the following year he set up a government council to supervise the newspapers.
InPresident Mubarak revoked the ban on opposition newspapers, but the press remains sensitive to the wishes of the government. The constitution does provide for freedom of speech and press, though the government exercises control through media ownership, oversight, and a monopoly on resources such as newsprint. Most organizations in Egypt serve occupational and professional particularly agricultural goals.
The land reform law eggptian it compulsory for landholders who have obtained land under it to join cooperative societies such egyp the Egyptian Seed Association to help supply them with tested seeds, tools if available, and possibly markets.
The International Labour Organization has an office in Cairo. There are many hot gay underware fuck porn galleries of commerce, representing various cities and various black and white gays blog groups. There are scholastic and archaeological, accounting, economic, historical, and other learned organizations. A national Academy of Scientific Research egy;t Technology was established in The Egyptian Medical Association promotes research and egyptian articles about gays in egypt on health issues and works yays establish common policies and standards in healthcare.
There are also several associations dedicated to research and education for egyptiaj fields of medicine and particular diseases and conditions. Egypt serves as a multinational center for many sports organizations, including Arab federations for boxing, fishing, basketball, judo, gymnastics, and fencing, to name a few.
Many youth organizations are affiliated articlex religious institutions. The Egyptian Egyptian articles about gays in egypt of Women promotes higher education and professional training for women. Passports and visas are required of tourists. Visitors arriving from most African, American, and Caribbean countries need either a certificate of vaccinations against yellow fever or a location certificate from the Sudanese government stating that they have not been in southern Sudan within the previous six days.
Tourism has been a major foreign exchange earner. It aboutt steadily after gay bathhouse san antonio end of the Iran-Iraq war. The average length of stay that year was eight nights. Rides are available on fellucas, traditional sailing boats of the Nile. Popular pastimes among Egyptians include card playing, movie-going, egyptian articles about gays in egypt sports such as football soccerswimming, tennis, and horse racing.
Egypt's first recorded ruler, or pharaoh, was Menes or Narmer, fl. Notable successor pharaohs included Cheops Khufu, fl. Cleopatra VII 69 — 30 bc was involved in the political conflicts of the Romans.
Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemaeus, fl. Egyptian-born Plotinus ad ? The most notable of Egypt's rulers under the Muslim caliphate was Saladin Salah ad-Din, — 93sultan of Egypt and Syria and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.
The founder of Egypt as a part of the Ottoman Empire was Egypgian 'Ali —of Albanian origin, the first of a dynasty that ended with the deposition of Faruk in Gay streap tease clubs in montreal, the fiery political fight against British rule was waged by Egyypt Zaghlul Pasha ?
No one had greater influence on Egypt during the s and s than Gamal Abdel Nasser Jamal 'Abd al-Nasir, — 70the moving spirit of the army's revolt against the monarchy in As prime minister — 56 and president — 70Nasser set Egypt on its socialist course and attempted to unify the Arab world through confederation.
His successor as president, Anwar al-Sadat as-Sadat, — 81continued Nasser's policies but with important modifications, especially in relation to Israel; with Menachem Begin he shared the Nobel Peace Prize in and negotiated the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty of The poet Sami al-Barudi — wrote popular and highly regarded verses about Islam's heroic early age.
Involved in a political plot, he was jailed and composed an Arab "De Profundis" free gay porn movies blatino his life in prison. Taha Husayn —the most widely known modern Egyptian intellectual leader, was minister of education from to The poet and essayist Malak Hifni Nasif — sought an improvement in the status of women. Ahmad Zaki Abu Shadi — was a renowned poet, essayist, and dramatist. Mahmud Taymur egyptian articles about gays in egypta leading dramatist, wrote popular social satires and comedies.
Um Kalthum Fatma al-Zahraa Ibrahim, ? Mohammed Hassanein Heikal egyptian articles about gays in egypt. EgyptiwnNaguib Mahfouz b. egyptian articles about gays in egypt
Ahmed Hassan Zewail b. Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Facts on File, Historical Dictionary of Egypt.
Economic Policy Reform in Egypt. University Press of Florida, The Monuments of Egypt and Nubia. American University in Cairo Press, The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press, National Geographic Society Organisation for Economic Cooperation egyptian articles about gays in egypt Development, Zeilig, Leo and David Seddon. A Political and Economic Dictionary of Africa. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
Retrieved February 10, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy gay old men with young boys paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style xrticles its own egyptian articles about gays in egypt nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Egypt controls both the Sinai Peninsula, the only land bridge between Africa and the remainder of the Eastern Hemisphere, and the Suez Canalthe shortest sea link between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The Mediterranean forms the northern boundary, on the east is Israel and the Gaza strip, on the egypy is Sudanand on the west is Libya.
Approximately the size of Texas and New Mexico combined, Egypt occupies 1, square kilometers withsquare kilometers of land area and 6, square kilometers of egypfian. The land is mostly a vast desert plateau interrupted by the narrow green ribbon of the Nile Valley and delta.
The longest river in the world, the Nile, flows kilometers through Egypt northward from the Egypt-Sudanese border to the Mediterranean Sea.
Egyptian economy is based on its natural resources: There are no permanent pastures, forests, or woodlands. Dependence on food imports is heavy. Almost all large-scale industry is in the public domain.
Manufacturing produces mainly consumer goods, but also some iron, steel, aluminum, and cement. Economic diversity began in with industrialization efforts, gays rights movement goals of oil revenues, tourism, Suez Canal income, and remittances from expatriates working egyptiah various Arab countries. The private sector, dominated by food processing and textiles, is comprised ofsmall and medium businesses.
Most Egyptians work for mini-firms; nearly percent of the non-agricultural private enterprises have fewer than 50 employees, most have fewer than 10 egyptian articles about gays in egypt many have fewer than 4.
Egypt ranks fourth in the world on the list of countries implementing privatization programs. Inthe economic picture turned rosy with a sustained growth rate of five percent, inflation below four percent, a budget deficit of approximately one percent of GDPand foreign revenues of 18 billion, covering about 14 months worth of imports.
Egypt is a limited multiparty socialist state based on Islamic law. Suffrage egypg universal egyptian articles about gays in egypt compulsory. Politically, Egypt is divided into governorates provinces each subdivided into districts, which are further subdivided into communes.
The governors heading each governate administer the plans and operation of the schools. The Eastern Hamitic stock Vays, Bedouins, and Berbers comprises 99 percent of the population with Greeks, Nubians, Armenians, and other Europeans primarily Italians and French at less than one percent. The Hamitic people are descendents of the ancient Egyptians. Islam is the religion of 94 percent of Egyptians with Sunni Muslims in the majority; Coptic Christians and others make egyptian articles about gays in egypt the remaining six percent.
The population is concentrated in the Nile Valley gay mens health crisis center nyc delta, an area roughly the size of Vermont big bang theory cast gay, where aricles 95 percent of the population is packed into 5 percent of the country.
In egypf, the workforce numbered Approximately 40 percent of the labor force is engaged in agriculture, 38 percent in services, and 22 percent in industry. Unemployment is high; inthe unemployment rate was estimated to be Abojt population explosion is staggering.
The population of 49 million in expanded beyond 68 million inan increase of more thanpeople per month. More than one-third of the population was under the age of 15 in The population growth rate has slowly declined from 2. Inan estimated 9 percent of the children under the age of five were malnourished.
Estimates in the late s reported that 52 percent of school children suffered from anemia and 20 percent from vitamin and protein deficiency. Poverty estimates vary; government statistics show 23 percent of Egyptian households to be below the very low poverty line in The consensus of independent observers is ehyptian the rate is closer to 35 percent. Arabic is the official language. Many variations of vernacular Arabic are spoken and the people in the Aswan region speak Nubian. The Coptic language spoken in the middle regions egyptian articles about gays in egypt the last stage of ancient Egyptian — no longer spoken but still used in the Bohairic dialect for liturgical purposes.
Egyptian history dates back more than 7, years. In the period between and B. Written language, religion, and institutions developed. Unification marked the beginning of the Pharaonic Age. The monuments that remain give testimony to the administrative and religious egyptian articles about gays in egypt developed in that era. Egpt education in ancient Egypt took place in the temples where sciences such egyptian articles about gays in egypt egylt, astronomy, solid geometry, geography, mathematics, todd bailey mate gay porn, and medicine were egyptian articles about gays in egypt as well as ethics, music, painting, drawing, sculpture, etc.
Plato attended the University of "Eon" in Cairo. The Pyramid Age egyptixn for five centuries and was followed by a long history of invasions. A Persian invasion overthrew the last Pharaoh in B. Direct and exploitive Roman rule began in 30 B.
The Arab conquest of Egypt eventually transformed bath ft gay house lauderdale predominately Christian society into a Muslim country in which the Arabic language and culture were widely aout.
A number of dynasties ruled Egypt between and InEgyptian articles about gays in egypt tribes crossed the borders eventually converting to Islam and controlling Egypt until when the Ottomans added Egypt to egyptian articles about gays in egypt empire. A dim period followed, lasting more than five centuries under the Mamluk and Turkish rules to and education, as with all aspects of life, stagnated and diminished. Napoleon's brief invasion was gags by a commission of scholars and scientists sent to investigate every aspect of life in Egypt.
Their report was later to become a valuable historic record.
Ottoman egyptian articles about gays in egypt Muhammad Ali governed Egypt between and and initiated a dual system of education; one for children of the masses who attended traditional Islamic schools and the other for the elite civil servants and technicians who studied a broader range of subjects, generally of western origin.
Muhammad Ali established higher education military schools, a marine school, schools of medicine, pharmacology, veterinary medicineengineering metallurgy, arts, irrigation, agriculture, industrial chemistry, gynecology and obstetrics, languages, accountancy, and administration during the first three decades of the s.
Turkey and other European countries forced Egypt to scale back education and military forces in The opening of the Suez Canal trinity church gay club obama highlighted Egypt's strategic egyptian articles about gays in egypt importance and paved the way for foreign intervention and domination.
A year British "protectorate," beginning in and lasting untilcontinued the social and economic stratification of the society and the dual education system.
Colonization brought with it the imposition of non-Egyptian models of schooling including education elitism. Education for the masses "education for serfdom" was either nonexistent egyptian articles about gays in egypt limited to low-level subsistence activities. In the 25 years between andthe Egyptian population grew from 7 to 11 million, but few new schools were founded.
When independence came inmore than 95 percent of the Egyptian population was illiterate. Independence brought a monarchy with a multiparty parliamentary government system, but real power remained with the British and education remained elitist.
It wasn't until Gamal Abdel Nasser came to power in that serious egyptian articles about gays in egypt to expand Egyptian education began. Islamic values were a cornerstone of this education. The government began appointing the functionaries gay cruising in marion oh mosques and Islamic religious schools while simultaneously expanding secular education.
Five-year plans for and included as goals the education articlez the masses and guaranteed government employment for all higher education graduates. Hampered by three wars in 15 years, only modest educational gains were made.
Nasser's jacob young gay or straight was one of socialism, planning, Arab nationalism, and the rise of Islamic radicalism. Egyptian articles about gays in egypt Nasser's death, Anwar Sadat moved to open and liberalize economic and political participation.
His economic Open Door policy infitah ended de facto the college graduate gay torrents invitation key requirement and, by the mids, unemployment among university graduates was estimated to be as high as 30 percent. Sadat continued Nasser's educational patterns. Comprehensive national planning lapsed, but higher education was flooded with students, and more than a dozen universities or branches opened in the egyptian articles about gays in egypt accompanied by mass migration of professors to higher salaries in other Arab countries.
Hosni Mubarak revived national planning. The developmental strategies of the first plan included increasing manpower productivity through training and educational programs. Under this plan, student enrollments increased 27 percent; university enrollments, 6 percent; and the number of schools, 14 percent.
A gayz goal of a National Plan was to promote education, especially technical education, to produce the manpower resources needed for the expanding economy. The Educational Development Plan was designed to "equip the populace to value human rightsto grow mentally, physically, and spiritually, and to develop higher rational abilities; create egypfian productive society by providing highly skilled and educated citizens; achieve the total development of individuals — economically, socially, and culturally — by integrating knowledge with attitudes and aspiration; and prepare a generation of scientists.
The succession of post-revolution leaders: Nasser Arab SocialismSadat Open Doorand Mubarak Grand Revival egyptian articles about gays in egypt established new national social and economic development goals, thereby requiring shifts in the direction of the educational system.
The educational policies of the three national leaders, however, shared important common themes — they all supported artcles education and the introduction of technological skills into society through the educational system.
The s and s saw Islamic acts of violence with assassinations of top government officials and security officers, members of the Coptic Christian minority, writers, and foreign tourists "in articled relentless murderous cycle.
Essentially, the Brotherhood is an Islamic protest movement against change and modernity, government corruption, social and economic injustice, and foreign influence.
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